Bijalungu Hiu Paana at West Sumba

Bijalungu Hiu Paana at West Sumba
bijalungu hiu paana –

Customary rituals welcome the new season. Bijal means laying while Hiupaana is the name of a small forest. So named because the peak of the ceremonies carried out by putting offerings in the forest, precisely in a sacred small cave.

On the night before the peak event, many sacred objects were removed to be purified. The residents were queuing up to get the blessings of the Rato then took turns dancing throughout the night. Because it is a ceremony to welcome the new season, many fortune-telling rituals, including rituals of slaughtering chicken by Rato (priest) Marapu where the condition of the chicken intestine indicates the good and bad future yields.

Then the ritual of observing Manu Wulla Manu Laddu, a philosopher’s stone which according to legend is a gift from heaven to his daughter who married a man of the earth. If the position of the stone in the cave in the Hiupaana forest is perfect, then the harvest will be abundant, if otherwise there will be a variety of diseases.

There is also the Kabena Kebbo ritual (buffalo throwing). In this ritual, a young buffalo specifically chosen as a sacrificial animal will be driven into the ceremonial area and at the same time everyone is welcome to throw the buffalo with betel nuts. If it hits the forehead of the buffalo, the pitcher is believed to be getting big profits. Neck contact is also a good sign. Belly and legs are believed to be the bad part, and many more.

This ritual is held in the village of Wei Galli, Paana Shark forest, Wanokaka District, which is about 22 km from the city of Waikabubak. Event are usually done in January every year.

The condition of the road to the location is in the form of asphalt road with good condition and available public transportation services and car rental services.

The Wulla Poddu ritual in West Sumba

The Wulla Poddu ritual in West Sumba
Wula Poddu –

Wulla means moon and poddu means bitter. Called bitter because throughout this month all residents must rely on a number of things. Many rituals were held during Wulla Poddu. Some aim to ask for blessings and a means of giving thanks. There is also a story about the origins of the ancestors and the process of making and birth of the first human.

Wulla Poddu is also a hunting period for wild boar, where the first wild boar caught is usually used as an indicator of yield. Male pigs, for example, are considered a sign of good harvest, while if the pig bites someone it means there will be a rat pest.

In this month also the young men who have been puberty underwent the process of circumcision and for several days were exiled to the wild to live independently as a sign of maturity. The highlight of Wulla Poddu’s celebration is always a place to go home to, a kind of Eid homecoming or cancellation that is always awaited and welcomed.

There are several locations for the implementation of the Wulla Poddu ritual in West Sumba including:

  • Loli District: Tambera Village, Bodo Maroto Village, Tarung Village every October – November
  • Wanokaka District: Kadoku Village
  • Lamboya District: Sodana Village every October
  • Tana Righu District: Ombarade Village every December